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                                    莫扎特之旅 编译 文/图 2020-07-02 19:36

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
  伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel,1928-2020)      
         
  伊达·哈恩黛尔演奏西贝柳斯小提琴协奏曲

(Ida Haendel) J SIBELIUS VIOLIN CONCERTO

     
  埃达·亨德尔(Ida Haendel)
J SIBELIUS VIOLIN CONCERTO
I AM THE VIOLIN - Ida Haendel
     
 
     
  音乐历史上的今天

2020年7月2日, 伟大的小提琴家的亲属在媒体上公布了“伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel)昨晚在迈阿密的家中平静地去世……”的消息。

“我心爱的姑妈,传奇和举世闻名的小提琴手伊达·哈恩黛尔昨晚在迈阿密的家中平静地去世……”哈恩黛尔的侄子理查德·格伦伯格通过社交媒体说:“我对她有很多美好的回忆,她对我来说是个很棒的姨妈,我把她当成第二个妈妈……”
“我的姨妈是英国人的骄傲,是加拿大公民,美国居民,以色列的恩人,杰出的全球公民和神童,在音乐界留下了深远的烙印。世界失去了一位音乐传奇,所有认识并钦佩她的朋友和深爱她的亲密家人都会怀念她。”

伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel1928-2020)的一生跨越了二十世纪的大部分时间,她仍然是音乐舞台上最不朽的偶像之一,通过她的许多录音以及她的现场表演和广播,她对表演者和音乐爱好者都是一种激励。
1928年12月15日,Ida Haendel出生在波兰的Chelm,是Nathan和Fela Hendel(原文如此)的两个女儿中最小的一个。一些资料表明她的出生年份是1923年或1924年。哈恩黛尔声称,这种困惑源于她1937年9岁时在伦敦的一次表演;在她要出场之前,她的经纪人被告知任何演员都不能低于14岁,所以他声称那确实是她的年龄。
艾达出生时,她的姐姐阿拉(Ala),也就是后来的爱丽丝(Alice),才六岁。尽管两人在生理和心理上都截然不同,但他们始终是亲密的朋友。她的父母深信他们的第二个孩子会是个男孩,所以他们决定按她外祖父的名字给她取名以撒,尽管她是个女孩,但他们还是这么做了,并保留了艾达作为她的非正式名;她说,通过这种方式,“我被灌输了一种男性的元素。”
内森·亨德尔是一名肖像画家,他的生活很不稳定,这使他的家庭陷入了一段时间的贫困。尽管亨德夫妇不是特别虔诚,但他们是传统的犹太人,艾达描述了她母亲在周五晚上提供的庆祝晚餐,无论家庭的经济状况如何。除了成为一名有天赋的艺术家,内森还渴望成为一名专业的小提琴家,并通过一个不情愿的Ala来实现他受挫的抱负。他给Ala买了一件乐器,让她学习她并不喜欢的课程。然而,艾达却对这种乐器表现出了一种异乎寻常的本能的喜爱:她描述了一个春天的早晨,作为一个三岁的孩子,她和母亲一起呆在家里,她从琴盒中取出妹妹的小提琴,第一次弹奏起来。尽管对她来说,琴实在是太大了,但她的演奏却让她的母亲和围观的邻居们都感到惊奇。
内森迅速将注意力转移到艾达身上,并带她去了华沙音乐学院,师从米契兹斯拉夫·米哈洛维奇(Miecyzslaw Michalowicz),并于1933年4岁时获得音乐学院的金牌。随后,内森带她去了德国、巴黎和伦敦,先后与卡尔·弗莱什和乔治·埃内斯库学习。她接触的教师和音乐家包括约瑟夫·斯基盖蒂,尼基塔·玛格洛夫和阿图尔·鲁宾斯坦的兄弟伊格纳斯·鲁宾斯坦,他们于1933年秋天在巴黎相遇。1935年,7岁的她在华沙举行的第一届维尼亚斯基比赛中获得波兰奖,总成绩第七。第一名是16岁的吉乃特·奈芙,第二名是27岁的大卫·奥斯特拉赫,奈芙一直是年轻的伊达·哈恩黛尔的朋友和导师,直到她在1949年英年早逝。亨德夫妇追求艾达事业的强烈激情,强化了这位小提琴家所声称的她性格中固有的一种孤立感。然而,幸运的是,她有一个当代神童,约瑟夫·哈西德(Josef Hassid),一个经历着类似生活方式的孩子,她可以和他联系起来。
1937年,在亨利·伍德的指挥棒下,她在伦敦的女王大厅首次登台,随后又在他的漫步音乐会中定期露面。就在这个时候,她的经理建议她把姓氏的拼写从“Hendel”改为“Haendel”,这让她想起了同名的作曲家。第二次世界大战期间,她经常在米拉·赫斯夫人组织的国家美术馆音乐会中表演,也花了很多时间巡回演出,为盟军部队演奏,通常是在恶劣的条件下;她于1940年成为英国公民。
1946年她第一次去了美国,四处巡演,1952年定居在蒙特利尔;1979年,她搬到了迈阿密,至今仍是她的家。她一直是一个真正的国际艺术家,与许多20世纪最伟大的指挥家和独奏者一起表演,尽管她的名字特别与塞尔吉奥独身者联系在一起。2001年,英国广播公司(BBC)在伦敦对她进行了为期一周的“现场表演”,利用了一些档案材料,并穿插了对哈恩黛尔本人的采访。在她所获得的荣誉中,有1982年颁发给她的西贝柳斯奖,以表彰她在西贝柳斯小提琴协奏曲中的杰出表现,她在听到广播后得到了作曲家的赞扬。1991年,她被任命为大英帝国司令,2000年被伦敦皇家音乐学院授予荣誉博士学位。1970年,她写了自传《小提琴的女人》。
在二十世纪上半叶,伊达·哈恩黛尔实现了她童年的诺言,已成长为二十一世纪的传奇人物。
(参考书目:乔治·格罗夫,斯坦利·萨迪,约翰·提利尔编,《新格罗夫音乐和音乐家词典》,纽约:2001年;海德尔,艾达,《小提琴女人》,伦敦:1970年。)

今日视频:1、伊达·哈恩黛尔演奏西贝柳斯《小提琴协奏曲 》;2、纪录片《我是小提琴》——伊达·哈恩黛尔。

 
 
 
 
 
   
  伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel)      
  伊达·哈恩黛尔1928年12月15日生于波兰东部Che?m一个传统犹太家庭。
她是华沙音乐学院米夏洛维奇(Michalowitch)的学生,1933年获音乐学院金牌奖和胡贝尔曼奖,12岁举行个人音乐会,此后开始巡回演出。在旅居巴黎期间曾先后师从埃乃斯库和弗莱什进修,1937年在伦敦交响乐团音乐会上因演奏贝多芬和勃拉姆斯的协奏曲而轰动乐坛。
哈恩黛尔早期的单声道录音包括40年代晚期的78转和50年代的LP,都是收藏家爱物,但通常价格很高。
哈恩黛尔游刃有余的技巧和激扬的演奏可以让我们重新审视勃拉姆斯和柴科夫斯基的协奏曲。值得一提的是,哈恩黛尔作为一个小提琴家手掌异常的小,她使用的是1696年的斯特拉蒂瓦里琴,这把琴到她晚年还一直在用。她手中的音色,时而轻松、时而强健,时而艳丽,时而严酷。
     
       
  伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel)      
     IDA Hahndel was born on December 15, 1928, in Che?M a traditional Jewish family.
 A student of Michalowitch at the Warsaw Conservatory of Music, she won the Gold and Hubermann awards at the Conservatory in 1933. She gave solo concerts at the age of 12 and toured since then.During his stay in Paris, he studied with Enescu and Fleisch, and in 1937 he made a sensation in the music world by playing Beethoven and Brahms concertos at a Concert with the London Symphony Orchestra.
 Hahndel's early mono recordings, including 78 RPM in the late 1940s and LP in the 1950s, were collectors' favorites, but often at high prices.
 Hahndel's skilful and thrilling performance makes us revisit the Brahms and Tchaikovsky concertos.It's worth noting that As a violinist She had unusually small hands and used the 1696 Strativali, which she continued to play well into her later years.The tone of her hand was now easy, now strong, now bright, now harsh.       
     
   
  上面这张1935年的照片,是首届维尼亚夫斯基小提琴大赛获奖者的合影,照片右侧的三个孩子,是传奇小提琴教育家卡尔·弗莱什的三位高徒。
穿白色水手服的男孩是早逝的天才哈西德,白群长袜的是力压奥伊斯特拉赫夺冠的内弗,中间那个穿短裤长袜的正是哈恩黛尔,不到7岁的她获得了不错的名次。
哈恩黛尔出生于波兰的一个贫苦家庭,但有幸得到了埃内斯库和卡尔·弗莱什两位大师的指点,她的天赋得到了充分的发觉,超凡的琴技和成熟的表达令她年少成名,并一路成长为真正的大师级演奏家。
从巴赫到巴托克,她的演奏曲目广泛,她的演奏犀利而清晰,毫不矫揉造作,有着男性般刚强的气质和宏伟的气魄。她演奏的西贝柳斯《小提琴协奏曲》尤其备受赞誉

 
     
       
  Above, winners of the first Winiavsky Violin Competition are pictured in 1935, right, three children of legendary violin educator Carl Fleish.
The boy in the white sailor suit is Hasid, the genius who died young. The white stocking is Neve, who beat Easterlach to the title.
Born into a poor family in Poland, But with the help of two masters, Enescu and Karl Fleisch, Hahndel's talent was fully realized, and her extraordinary skill and mature expression made her famous at a young age, and she grew up to be a true master player.
From Bach to Bartok, she played a wide range of repertoire, her performance sharp and clear, without affectation, with masculine virility and magnificent verve.Her performance of Sibelius's Violin Concerto was particularly acclaimed
     
 
     
  Today in the history of music
On July 2, 2020, the great violinist's relatives announced in the media that "Ida Haendel passed away peacefully last night at her home in Miami...The news.
"My beloved aunt, legendary and world-famous violinist IDA Hahndel, passed away peacefully last night at her home in Miami..."Hahndel's nephew Richard Grunberg said via social media: "I have many fond memories of her, she was a wonderful aunt to me, I think of her as a second mother..."
"My aunt was a proud Briton, a citizen of Canada, a resident of the United States, a patron of Israel, a distinguished global citizen and child prodigy who left a lasting mark on the music industry.The world has lost a musical legend and she will be missed by all the friends who knew and admired her and by all the close family who loved her."
Ida Haendel1928-2020, whose life spanned most of the twentieth century, remains one of the most enduring ICONS on the music stage, an inspiration to performers and music lovers through her many recordings and her live performances and broadcasts.
Ida Haendel was born on 15 December 1928 in Chelm, Poland, the youngest of two daughters of Nathan and Fela Hendel(sic).Some sources put her birth year as 1923 or 1924.Hahndel claims the confusion stemmed from a performance she performed in London in 1937, when she was nine;Before she was to appear, her agent was told that no actor could be younger than 14, so he claimed that was indeed her age.
IDA's older sister, Ala, who would become Alice, was six when she was born.Despite their physical and psychological differences, they remained close friends.Her parents were so convinced that their second child would be a boy that they decided to name her Isaac after her maternal grandfather.In this way, she said, "I was instilled with an element of masculinity."
Nathan Handel was a portrait painter, and his precarious life plunged his family into poverty for a time.Although the Hendes are not particularly religious, they are traditional Jews, and IDA described the celebratory dinner her mother served on Friday night, regardless of the family's financial situation.In addition to becoming a gifted artist, Nathan aspires to become a professional violinist and fulfils his thwarted ambition through a reluctant Ala.He buys Ala an instrument and gives her lessons that she doesn't like.IDA, however, showed an unusual instinctive fondness for the instrument: she described a spring morning when, as a three-year-old at home with her mother, she took her sister's violin from its case and played it for the first time.Though the instrument was too big for her, her playing surprised her mother and her neighbors.
Nathan quickly turned his attention to IDA and took her to the Warsaw Conservatory of Music, where he studied with Miecyzslaw Michalowicz and won the conservatory's gold medal in 1933 at the age of four.Nathan then took her to Germany, Paris and London, where he studied with Carl Fleish and George Enescu.Her contacts with teachers and musicians included Joseph Skigeti, Nikita Maglov and Ignace Rubenstein, brother of Artur Rubenstein, whom she met in Paris in the autumn of 1933.In 1935, at the age of seven, she won the Polish Prize at the first Wininiaski competition in Warsaw, finishing seventh overall.First place went to Ginette Neveu, 16, and second to David Ostrach, 27. Neveu was a friend and mentor to young IDA Hahndel until her untimely death in 1949.The Hendes' intense passion for IDA's career reinforced what the violinist claimed was a sense of isolation inherent in her character.Fortunately, however, she had a contemporary child prodigy, Josef Hassid, a child who lived a similar lifestyle and with whom she could relate.
She made her debut at The Queen's Hall in London in 1937 under the baton of Henry Wood, and later appeared regularly at his walking concerts.It was at this point that her manager suggested that she change the spelling of her last name from "Hendel" to "Haendel", which reminded her of the composer of the same name.During the Second World War, she often performed in the National Gallery concerts organized by Lady Mila Hess, and also spent a lot of time on the road, playing for allied troops, often in harsh conditions;She became a British citizen in 1940.
 

 
 
 
 
     
       
  伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel)曾经用过的鞋子,这些鞋子曾经带她走过世界各地,踏遍千山万水。      
       
  伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel)用过的乐谱      
  She made her first trip to the United States in 1946, toured extensively, and settled in Montreal in 1952;In 1979, she moved to Miami, where she still lives.She has been a truly international artist, performing with many of the greatest conductors and soloists of the 20th century, although her name is particularly associated with Sergio Singletons.In 2001, the BBC gave her a week of "live performances" in London, using archive material and interspersed with interviews with Hahndel herself.Among her other honors, the Sibelius Prize was awarded to her in 1982 for her outstanding performance in Sibelius violin concerto, and she was praised by the composer after hearing the radio.She was appointed Commander of the British Empire in 1991 and was awarded an honorary doctorate by the Royal College of Music in London in 2000.In 1970, she wrote her autobiography, The Violin Woman.
 In the first half of the twentieth century, IDA Hahndel fulfilled her childhood promise and has grown into a legend of the twenty-first century.
 (Bibliography: George Grove, Stanley Sadie, edited by John Tyrell, New York :2001;Haider, IDA, The Violin Woman, London :1970.)
 Today's video: 1.IDA Haendel: Sibelius' Violin Concerto;2. Documentary "I am the Violin" by IDA Hahndel.
     
   
  根据伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel) 所作的现代派画作      
   
  伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel) 和指挥家在一起      
       
  田元现在的老师爱德华·施密德(Eduard Schmieder)博士和伊达·哈恩黛尔经常合作,施密德教授创办的帕尔皮蒂室内乐团(iPalpiti)和哈恩黛尔有过多年的成功的合作。      
  Dr. Eduard Schmieder, Tian Yuan's current teacher, and IDA Hahndel collaborated frequently, and iPalpiti, the chamber orchestra founded by Professor Schmieder, had many successful years with Hahndel.      
       
  晚年的伊达·哈恩黛尔(Ida Haendel)依然辛勤工作,九十高龄还经常举办小型的音乐会,为喜爱的观众演奏小提琴。      
  Ida Haendel still works hard in her later years, often giving small concerts and playing the violin for her favorite audiences in her nineties.         
 
     
         
  我是小提琴——伊达·哈恩黛尔      
  I AM THE VIOLIN - Ida Haendel      
  《我是小提琴》是一部2004年的纪录片,讲述的是伟大的小提琴家IDA HAENDEL的故事,由Paul Cohen编剧和导演,荷兰阿姆斯特丹IDTV制作。我们感谢他们允许我们发布这部优秀的电影
 
     
  I AM THE VIOLIN , a 2004 documentary about the great violinist IDA HAENDEL written and directed by Paul Cohen and produced by IDTV in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. We thank them for permission to post this excellent film      
  未得原作者编者授权严禁转载www.mt77.com任何内容      
                   
                     
 
 
 
 
                   
                     

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