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                                    莫扎特之旅 编译 文/图 2020-05-07  18:36

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
  达律斯·米约(Darius Milhaud 1892-1974)      
         
  奥朗德拉·德·拉·帕拉指挥巴黎管弦乐团演奏米约《屋顶上的 公牛》      
 

Darius Milhaud, Le Bœuf sur le Toit - Alondra de la Parra & Orchestre de Paris

     
  达律斯·米约(Darius Milhaud ),法国印象派六人团的代表人物之一。这首Le Bœuf sur le Toit(勒图瓦河畔),是其1919年创作的作品。全曲带有浓烈的巴西探戈风格,最初是一部超现实主义芭蕾舞的配乐。芭蕾而后取名Le Bœuf sur le Toit,直译“屋顶上的牛“,也是为了纪念1921年开业的同名卡巴莱( cabaret-bar),此处也成为法国文化名人让.谷克多(Jean Cocteau)与朋友经常聚会的场所。作为后印象派的代表作品之一,此曲色彩丰富,清新自然,节奏明快,管乐突出。      
 
     
  音乐历史上的今天

1926年4月7日,米约(Darius Milhaud) 的《歌剧的忧伤》(The Sorrows of Opera)在布鲁塞尔上演。
达律斯·米约(Darius Milhaud 1892-1974),法国“六人团”成员。1892年9月4日生于普罗旺斯地区艾克斯,生长在一个富裕的犹太人家庭。7岁开始学小提琴,后入巴黎音乐学院学小提琴和作曲。他交有许多作家和画家的朋友,尤其是诗人克洛代尔对他的影响很大。第一次世界大战期间,他作为克洛代尔公使的秘书于1916年到巴西任职。在南美居住了近两年,巴西的气氛各音乐对他以后的创作产生了影响。1918年回巴黎,受萨蒂的影响成为“六人团”中的一员。
1940年,德国法西斯入侵法国,他转道去美国,在加利福尼亚米尔斯大学任教。这对他1947年后的创作产生了巨大的影响。1947年回法国,在巴黎音乐学院任教,以后经常往返法、美之间。 1971年退休,定居日内瓦。
米约是位多产作曲家。也是法国的新古典主义者。他的作品多达441件,其中歌剧12部。他不但具古典气质,还善于博采众长。以复合的思维方式,在调性、和声、节奏乃至体裁、风格等多方面领域里大胆创新。
米约作品的显著特点是形式多样化,这在他的歌剧中得到充分体现。三幕歌剧《奥菲欧的不幸》(1926)、三幕歌剧《奥雷斯忒斯》 (1927)、独幕五场歌剧《阿里阿德涅的奖赏》(1928)、独幕歌剧《美狄亚》 (1939)等均取材于古代神话传说,但音乐语言却呈现不同面貌,有的采用中古调式,有的模仿巴洛克风格,有的运用民间语言等,有的用双调性,还有的则是多调叠置,他的抒情风格和对位技巧也贯穿于不同作品之中。以哥伦布发现美洲大陆的事迹为题材的《克里斯朵夫·哥伦布》(1930)是一部由两大部分构成的严肃歌剧。作品运用清唱剧与电影画面相结合的形式,安排一名朗诵者叙述史书记载的哥伦布生平,并由一支希腊式歌队作注释,银幕上则展示人物活动内容,第一部分一群白鸽在舞台上放飞,第二部分结尾处天幕上地球转动,一只白鸽向远处飞去。剧中咏叹调与合唱场景始终是音乐的主体部分。

今日视频:1、
奥朗德拉·德·拉·帕拉指挥巴黎管弦乐团演奏米约《屋顶上的 公牛》;2、 哈默·凯瑟琳和伊丽莎白·纽柯克演奏米约《第二号小提琴钢琴奏鸣曲》。

 
 
 
 
 
   
  达律斯·米约(Darius Milhaud )      
  Today in the history of music
On April 7, 1926, Darius Milhaud's "The Sorrows of Opera" was performed in Brussels.
Darius Milhaud (1892-1974) was a member of the French order of the six.Born on September 4, 1892, in aix-en-provence, to a wealthy jewish family.He started playing the violin at the age of seven and went on to study violin and composition at the conservatory in Paris.He made friends with many writers and painters, especially the poet chlodell.During the first world war he came to Brazil in 1916 as secretary to minister chlodell.After living in South America for nearly two years, the atmosphere and music of Brazil influenced his later creation.In 1918, he returned to Paris and became a member of the group of six under the influence of sadie.
In 1940, when German fascists invaded France, he moved to the United States to teach at mills university in California.This had a huge impact on his work after 1947.He returned to France in 1947 and taught at the conservatory of music in Paris.Retired in 1971 and settled in Geneva.
Milo was a prolific composer.French neoclassicism.His works amount to 441 pieces, including 12 operas.He is not only classical, but also good at learning from others.With the compound way of thinking, we make bold innovations in tonality, harmony, rhythm, even genre, style and other fields.
The distinctive feature of miyo's works is the variety of forms, which is fully reflected in his operas.Dare misfortune, three ACTS opera (1926), three opera "Mr Lacey te si (1927), five DuMu opera" Ariadne reward "(1928), one-acter" Medea "(1939) are based on ancient myths and legends, but the music language is present different features, some use middle mode, some imitate baroque style, some use of folk language, some with double tonal, others are more superimposed, his lyric style and counterpoint skills through different works.Christopher Columbus (1930), about Columbus's discovery of America, is a serious opera in two parts.Use cantata, combined with a scene in the form of a, arrange a reciter narrative history record of Columbus's life, and by a Greek song team comments, characters on the screen is active content, the first part of a group of doves fly on the stage, the second part of the end of the sky the earth, a white dove sail into the distance.The aria and chorus scenes are always the main part of the music.
Video of the day: 1. Orondera DE la pala conducts the orchestra of Paris for
Milhaud's "cow on the roof"; 2.Hammer kathryn and Elizabeth Newkirk play Milhaud‘s second sonata for violin and piano.
 

 
 
 
 
     
   
  达律斯·米约(Darius Milhaud )和夫人      
  Milhaud Darius(达律斯. 米约,1892年9月4日-1974年6月22日),法国印象派六人团的代表人物之一。这首Le Bœuf sur le Toit(勒图瓦河畔),是其1919年创作的作品。全曲带有浓烈的巴西探戈风格,最初是一部超现实主义芭蕾舞的配乐。芭蕾而后取名Le Bœuf sur le Toit,直译“屋顶上的牛“,也是为了纪念1921年开业的同名卡巴莱( cabaret-bar),此处也成为法国文化名人让.谷克多(Jean Cocteau)与朋友经常聚会的场所。作为后印象派的代表作品之一,此曲色彩丰富,清新自然,节奏明快,管乐突出。
 
     
  Milhaud Darius (September 4, 1892 -- June 22, 1974) was a member of the French impressionist group of six.This first Le B root uf sur Le Toit (Le tuva river), 1919.With a strong Brazilian tango style, it was originally written to the music of a surrealist ballet.Ballet and then named Le B root uf sur Le Toit, literal translation "cow" on the roof, is to commemorate the 1921 opening of the same name cabaret (cabaret - bar), also became the French cultural celebrities make here. Cocteau (Jean Cocteau) often party with friends.As one of the representative works of post-impressionism, this song is rich in color, fresh and natural, lively in rhythm and prominent in wind music.                                                             
   
  1954 米约歌剧《大卫王》首演于耶路撒冷。
米约到美国以后,常以人民解放斗争为题材,例如歌剧《玻利瓦尔》(1943)就是以拉丁美洲民族英雄的事迹为题材创作的。1954年6月1日五幕圣经歌剧《大卫王》在耶路撒冷首演,这是米约为庆祝大卫王节、纪念大卫王国建都耶路撒冷三千年而创作的宗教题材作品。脚本由阿曼·路涅尔根据《撒母耳第一、第二部》和《国王之书》改编,叙述大卫从登基直至由所罗门继位的故事。这部歌剧让合唱、抒情段落和戏剧场景在舞台上作复合型的交替表演,使抒情性与戏剧性有机结合,成为米约歌剧创作中最富古典意味的力作。
     
   The miyo opera king David premiered in Jerusalem.
 After arriving in the United States, milo often took the people's struggle for liberation as the theme. For example, the opera bolivar (1943) was written on the deeds of the national heroes in Latin America.The five-act biblical opera "king David" premiered in Jerusalem on June 1, 1954. It is a religious work created by mio to celebrate the festival of king David and commemorate the three thousand years of the capital of the kingdom of David in Jerusalem.Based on Samuel I and ii and the book of the king, the script by Oman lunier tells the story of David from his accession to the throne until his accession to the throne by Solomon.This opera makes the chorus, lyric and dramatic scenes perform alternately on the stage, which makes the lyric and dramatic organic combination, and becomes the most classical masterpiece in miyo's opera creation.
     
   
  达律斯·米约(Darius Milhaud )在指挥中。      
 
     
       
  奥朗德拉·德·拉·帕拉(Alondra de la Parra)      
  奥朗德拉·德·拉·帕拉(Alondra de la Parra),墨西哥女指挥家。1980年生于纽约,两岁随父母移迁居墨西哥,7岁学钢琴,13岁学大提琴,15岁学作曲,19岁时移居纽约,考入曼哈顿音乐学院,后获得钢琴专业的学士学位和指挥专业音乐硕士学位,2004年23岁的奥朗德拉就在纽约创建了美洲爱乐乐团,现活跃于国际古典乐坛。
1980年生于纽约的奥朗德拉,两岁时随父母移迁居墨西哥,7岁才开始学钢琴,13岁学大提琴时,她对指挥产生兴趣。“我喜欢和别人互动,我喜欢接受那种挑战,即让上百人统一成一种声音。而且一支交响乐团的可能性和声音的多样性非常吸引我,这和我的本性是一致的。”在接受《第一财经日报》专访时,奥朗德拉说,“我在英国寄宿学校念高中的时候,最热衷做的三件事就是数学、物理和音乐。我猜想这是因为音乐本身就很抽象,我处理音乐的方式就像解数学题一样。数学也是一门需要想象力的学科,非常吸引我。我喜欢接受智力挑战,比如解难题。指挥这项工作也一样,有着解难题一样的乐趣和难度。”
奥朗德拉毫无疑问找到了最好的途径。2004年,年仅23岁的她创建了美洲爱乐乐团,她想通过创建一支管弦乐团,为那些来自美洲国家的青年演奏家和作曲家提供一个展示才华的平台,使得美洲国家的音乐作品在常规管弦乐曲目范围里发出自己的声音。2010年9月,奥朗德拉携美洲爱乐乐团出现在墨西哥庆祝独立200周年的纪念庆典上,数以十万计的观众看了这次庆典,电视直播信号送到了全球两亿个家庭里。同年,奥朗德拉与美洲爱乐乐团合作的首张唱片《我的墨西哥灵魂》由索尼古典唱片公司发行。这张双CD收录了墨西哥独立200年以来的交响乐作品,其中一些曲目是首次被录制成商业唱片出版。这张专辑创造了墨西哥古典音乐唱片近十年来的最好成绩,在当地掀起了古典音乐浪潮。
     
   
  奥朗德拉·德·拉·帕拉(Alondra de la Parra)在指挥时的精彩动作      
  Alondra DE la Parra was a Mexican female conductor.Was born in New York in 1980, two years of age with his parents moved to Mexico, learn the piano at the age of seven, the age of 13 to learn cello, 15 years old learning composition, moved to New York when he was 19 years old, was admitted to Manhattan school of music, after a bachelor's degree in piano professional and professional master's degree in music command, 23, 2004 - year - old Mr Lang Della, created the americas in New York Philharmonic, now the international classical music.
Born in New York in 1980, she moved to Mexico with her parents when she was two years old. She took up piano lessons at the age of seven and became interested in conducting when she took cello lessons at 13."I love interacting with people, and I love the challenge of getting hundreds of people to agree on a single voice.And the possibility of having a symphony orchestra and the diversity of sounds is very appealing to me, which is consistent with my nature.""When I was a high school student at a boarding school in the UK, the three things I enjoyed most were maths, physics and music," she said in an interview with China business news.I guess it's because the music itself is abstract, and I deal with it like a math problem.Mathematics is also a subject that requires imagination, which attracts me a lot.I like to take on intellectual challenges, such as solving difficult problems.The same is true of conducting a job, which is as much fun and difficult as solving a puzzle."
Mr Hollande has undoubtedly found the best way.In 2004, at the age of 23, she founded the American philharmonic. By creating an orchestra, she wanted to provide a platform for young performers and composers from American countries to showcase their talents, and for American music to find its voice in the range of the regular orchestral repertoire.In September 2010, Mr. Hollande appeared with the American philharmonic at Mexico's bicentennial celebration of independence, which was watched by hundreds of thousands of viewers and televised live to 200 million homes around the world.In the same year, his debut album with the American philharmonic, my Mexican soul, was released by SONY classical records.The double CD features symphonies from Mexico's 200 years of independence, some of which were recorded for commercial publication for the first time.The album produced the best record of Mexican classical music in nearly a decade and set off a wave of classical music in the region.
 
     
 
     
         
  【达律斯·米约】第二小提琴奏鸣曲,Op.40(1917)      
 

达律斯·米约的小提琴和钢琴奏鸣曲2号

在芝加哥表演由小提琴和钢琴二重奏,

小提琴
; 哈默:凯瑟琳·萨托,

钢琴 维奥林·伊丽莎白·纽柯克,
。田园(0:00)
二。活下去(5:46)
三, 时间(9:27)

四。非常生动(13:30)

     
  Sonata No 2 for Violin and Piano by Darius Milhaud
Performed in Chicago by violin and piano duo, Bow & Hammer. Enjoy more chamber music for violin and piano by checking out music videos on Bow & Hammer's channel or getting tickets to their next concert.
Bow & Hammer: Kathryn Satoh, violin and Elizabeth Newkirk, piano
i. Pastoral (0:00)
ii. Vif (5:46)
iii. Lent (9:27)
iv. Tres Vif (13:30)
     
 
 
 
     
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