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                                    莫扎特之旅 编译 文/图 2020-05-03 19:36

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
  沃恩·威廉斯 ( Vaughan Williams, 1872-1958)      
         
 

希拉里·哈恩演奏沃恩·威廉斯《云雀高飞》

     
  Hilary Hahn plays Vaughan Williams' skylark fly      
  《云雀高飞》(The Lark Ascending)是英国作曲家拉尔夫·沃恩·威廉斯的一首著名作品,根据维多利亚时代诗人乔治·梅瑞狄斯(George Meredith)的同名诗作写成。本曲的小提琴与钢琴版完成于1914年,更常见的小提琴与乐队版则完成于1920年      
  "The Lark Ascending" is a famous work by Ralph Vaughan Williams, an English composer, based on a poem of The same name by The Victorian poet George Meredith.The violin and piano version was completed in 1914, and the more common violin and band version was completed in 1920      
 
     
  音乐历史上的今天

1952年5月3日,沃恩·威廉斯为口琴与弦乐创造的浪漫曲在纽约上演,拉里·阿德勒(Larry Adler)担任独奏。“我这头两场演出,退一步讲都糟糕透了,因为我一直是一个糟糕的读者,我用耳朵学得更好。”
拉尔夫·沃恩·威廉斯于1872年10月12日,生于英国格罗斯特郡(Gloucestershire)的下安普内(Down Ampney)。他是一位牧师的儿子,曾在伦敦的卡特豪斯(Carterhouse)和剑桥的三一学院读书(得硕士,音乐博士学位)。在学习中,有两年时间,再加上普通教育期间的最后一些时间,他在皇家音乐学院学习。当时他的作曲老师是休伯特·帕里(Hubert parry)和查尔斯·斯坦福(Charles Stanford)。同时,他还在柏林,跟马克思·勃鲁赫(Max Bruch)学习。1909年在巴黎,几次讨教了拉威尔。
在九十年代早期,他加入了1898创建的“民歌协会炒(Folk—Song Soiety)他开始积极地搜集和钻研英国民歌。这一举动很显然能使他摆脱求学时代那种方言土语的影响,同时,不放弃任何积累起来的精湛技术,勇敢地采纳那些似乎肯定适合于他气质的表现方法。另外一种主要的影响多就是英国都铎王朝(Tudor)时代的宗教与世俗音乐。在他的g小调无伴奏弥撒中,他甚至超越了这个范畴,自由采用中世纪调性和对位的方法,不受表情处理方法的阻碍,甚至全然无视禁律。从十五世纪以来,这种禁律渐浙发展,使欧洲音乐的体系逐渐规范化了。
他的乐队音乐包括九部交响曲。其中有一部《伦敦》、一部《田园》,还有一部早期的合唱一乐队的《大海交响曲》。第一部是活泼而沉思的,第二部是如此的模糊与神秘,以致只有在布局与比例非常协调的情况下演出,才能判断它。但是多即使如此,它仍旧保持有某种迥然不同的气质多使别人对它产生兴趣。在结构上,他的音乐常常跟印象派保持紧密的联系。他的第四交响曲(1953)是由两个警句的主题为基础而写成的。他的第七交响曲(1953)是由他自己的电影《南极的苏格兰人》(Scott of the Antarctic)配音音乐中所产生的,因此这乐曲有《南极交响曲》(Sinfonia Antarctica)之称。他的第八交响曲(1906)以及第九交响曲(1958)都在他八十高龄以后才创作的,但是仍然极有个性。
他写了一大批篇幅宏大的合唱与乐队的作品,它们有广泛的群众性,而且是他最出色的成就:在它们中间有《神圣的公民》(Sancta Civitas, 1926)多 《祝福》(Benedicite,1930),《庄严》(Magnificat,1932)、《五个都铎王朝人物的画象》(Five Tudor Portraits,19 36),和《赐给高贵的和平》(Dona Nobis Pacem 1936)。
他的歌曲(其中有一首早期的《椴树边的草地》(Linden Lea 已经成为一首普遍流行的歌曲)和他的室内乐表现出特别的精巧。他的歌剧:《牲畜商贩·休》(Hugh the Drover 190l~04)飞《恋爱中的约翰爵士》(Sir John in,Love,1929), 《霉吻》(Thc Poisoned Kiss,1936)、 《海上骑士》(Riders to teh Sea,1937)、《天路历程》(The Pilgrim's Progress,1949)以及他的舞剧《柯莱王》(Old King Cole 1923)和《约伯》(Job,1930一个假面舞)多在体系逐渐规范化了。

今日视频:1、
希拉里·哈恩演奏沃恩·威廉斯《云雀高飞》;2、 沃恩·威廉姆斯《托马斯·塔林主题幻想曲》(多伦多交响乐团)。

 
 
 
 
 
   
  沃恩·威廉斯 ( Vaughan Williams,      
       
  沃恩·威廉斯 ( Vaughan Williams      
  沃恩·威廉姆斯在战场上
第一次世界大战爆发时,41岁的沃恩·威廉姆斯(Vaughan Williams)曾在法国和萨洛尼卡服役。长期暴露在枪林弹雨中开始了听力丧失的过程,最终导致了他晚年严重的耳聋。
     
  Vaughan Williams at war
Aged 41 when World War I began, Vaughan Williams served in France and Salonika. Prolonged exposure to gunfire began a process of hearing loss that eventually caused severe deafness in his old age.
     
 
     
  Today in the history of music
On May 3, 1952, Vaughan Williams' harmonica and string romance was performed in New York, with Larry Adler as a solo."My first two performances were terrible to say the least, because I was always a terrible reader and I learned better with my ears."
Ralph Vaughan Williams was born on October 12, 1872, in Down Ampney, Gloucestershire.The son of a clergyman, he studied at Carterhouse in London and trinity college, Cambridge (ma, PhD in music).During his studies, he spent two years, plus the last few years of his general education, studying at the Royal Academy of music.His music teachers were Hubert parry and Charles Stanford.He was also in Berlin, studying with Max Bruch.In Paris in 1909, ravel was consulted several times.
In the early 1990s, he joined the folk-song Soiety, founded in 1898, and he began to actively collect and study English Folk songs.It was a move which would obviously free him from the dialect of his schooldays, while at the same time not giving up any of his accumulated virtuousness, and courageously adopting methods of expression that seemed certain to suit his temperament.Another major influence was religious and secular music from the Tudor period in England.In his unaccompanied mass in g minor, he goes even beyond this, freely adopting medieval tonal and contrapuntal methods, unhampered by emotion-processing methods, and even ignoring the prohibition altogether.Since the fifteenth century, this prohibition has developed, gradually standardizing the system of European music.
His orchestra consists of nine symphonies.Among them are "London", "the fields" and an early choral orchestra's "symphony of the sea".The first is lively and contemplative, and the second is so vague and mysterious that it can only be judged if it is performed in perfect proportion to its layout.But even so, it still retains a certain distinct quality that interests others.Structurally, his music is often closely associated with impressionism.His fourth symphony (1953) is based on the theme of two epigrams.His seventh symphony (1953) was produced from the soundtrack of his own film, "Scott of the Antarctic," hence the name "Sinfonia Antarctica.His eighth symphony (1906) and ninth symphony (1958) were written after he was 80 years old, but they were still very personal.
He wrote a large number of grand chorus and the band's work, they have a broad mass character, and it is his most outstanding achievement: among them are citizens of the divine (Sancta Civitas, 1926), "the blessing" (Benedicite, 1930), more solemn (Magnificat, 1932), the character's Five Tudor dynasty painting like "(Five Tudor Portraits, 19, 36), and" given the noble peace "(Dona Nobis Pacem, 1936).
His songs (including an early song, "Linden Lea," which has become a popular song) and his chamber music show particular sophistication.His operas:"Hugh livestock traders" (Hugh the Drover 190 l ~ 4) fly "Sir John in Love" (Sir John in Love, 1929), "mildew Kiss" (Thc Poisoned Kiss, 1936), "Sea knight" (Riders to teh Sea, 1937), "the Pilgrim's Progress" (the Pilgrim 's Progress,"(1949) and his dance dramas" Old King Cole "(1923) and" Job "(1930 a masquerade) were mostly normalized in the system.
Video of the day: 1. Hilary Hahn playing Vaughan Williams' the lark flies; 2.2. Thomas tarlin theme fantasia by vaughn Williams (Toronto symphony orchestra).                                   
 
 

 
 
 
 
     
 
   
 
  在皇家音乐学院
沃恩·威廉姆斯(Vaughan Williams)曾就读于伦敦皇家音乐学院(Royal College of Music),与古斯塔夫·霍尔斯特(Gustav Holst)和利奥波德·斯托科夫斯基(Leopold Stokowski)同校。他还与马克斯·布鲁赫(Max Bruch)在柏林短暂地继续他的学业。   
     
  At the Royal College of Music
Vaughan Williams studied at the Royal College of Music in London, pictured, alongside Gustav Holst and Leopold Stokowski. He also spent a short time continuing his studies in Berlin with Max Bruch.
     
       
  厄休拉和拉尔夫·沃恩·威廉姆斯
沃恩·威廉姆斯(Vaughan Williams)的第一任妻子是艾德琳·费舍尔(Adeline Fisher)。在她1951年去世后,他娶了诗人厄休拉·伍德(Ursula Wood)为妻,伍德曾为他的合唱作品《光明之子》(the Sons of Light)、歌剧《朝圣的过程》(the Pilgrim's Process)和圣诞大合唱《Hodie》创作歌词。
     
  Ursula and Ralph Vaughan Williams
Vaughan Williams was married first to Adeline Fisher. After her death in 1951, he married poet Ursula Wood, pictured, who worked on the libretti for his choral work The Sons of Light as well as the opera The Pilgrim's Process and a Christmas cantata, Hodie.
     
       
  霍默斯·泰利斯(Homas Tallis, 1505-1585      
  《云雀高飞》(The Lark Ascending)是英国作曲家沃恩·威廉斯的一首著名作品,根据维多利亚时代诗人乔治·梅瑞狄斯(George Meredith)的同名诗作写成。本曲的小提琴与钢琴版完成于1914年,更常见的小提琴与乐队版则完成于1920。

沃恩·威廉斯的创作,从英国民歌中汲取了不少灵感。事实上,他在这世纪初叶。藏截了很多民歌的搜集和分类工作。
小提琴与乐队的浪漫曲《云雀高飞》(乐队编制是两支长笛、一支双簧管,两支黑管、两支大管,三角铁用得非常有效——和弦乐组)是l914年写的,但一直搁在旁边,
直至1920年才修订。1921年6月l4日首次公演。作曲家在总谱头上,抄录了乔治的诗《云雀高飞》中的三个个别的段落,他是这样描写这曲子的: ‘
“它冲上云霄和开始盘旋,
它洒落了银链似的歌声一串,
银链节节相连,没有一丝间断,
它反复地吱唧,呜叫,婉转或打颤,……
它歌唱直到歌声布满了苍穹,
这是它对大地之爱的倾吐,
永远飞呀,飞翔,
我们的山谷是它金色的酒杯,
它是美酒在那里流淌,
当它离去时,把我们带起高飞,
直等到它的银铃消散,
在阳光下,幻想开始歌唱。

     
   
  Homas "The Lark Ascending" is a famous work by The English composer Vaughan Williams, based on a poem of The same name by The Victorian poet George Meredith.The violin and piano version was completed in 1914, and the more common violin and band version was completed in 1920.
Vaughan Williams drew much inspiration from English folk songs in his creation.In fact, he was in the early part of the century.Tibet has collected and classified many folk songs.
The romance of the violin and the orchestra, "the lark rises" (the orchestra consists of two flutes, an oboe, two clarinet, two bassoon, and the triangle is very effective -- and the strings), was written in l914, but has been set aside,
It was not revised until 1920.It was first performed on June 4, 1921.At the head of the score, the composer transcribed three separate passages from George's poem the lark rises, which he described as follows:
"It soared into the sky and began to circle,
A string of silvery songs fell from it,
The silver chains are joined without a break,
It squeaked and purred and warbled and quivered...
It sings till the song fills the sky,
This is the outpouring of his love for the earth,
Fly for ever, fly,
Our valley is its golden cup,
It is the wine that flows there,
When it's gone, it takes us high,
Till its silver bells are gone,
Under the sun, fantasy begins to sing.
     
   
  沃恩·威廉斯 (Ralph Vaughan Williams, 1872-1958)      
         
 
沃恩·威廉姆斯-幻想曲主题:托马斯·塔林-多伦多交响乐团

Vaughan Williams-Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis-Toronto

Symphony Orchestra

 沃恩·威廉姆斯的《幻想曲》(Vaughan Williams Fantasia)是托马斯·塔利斯(Thomas Tallis)的作品,一直是我最喜欢的作品之一。我第一次发现它是在十几岁的时候,当时我还在学校——碰巧沃恩·威廉姆斯也在同一所学校上学。我在那里接受教育的同时,恰逢沃恩·威廉姆斯(Vaughan Williams)诞辰100周年,也是我们学校成立100周年。那年我们表演了很多他的音乐,我在《塔利斯的幻想》中演奏了小提琴独奏。在那次庆祝之后,我有机会多次担任这首曲子的首席小提琴手,我对所有这些表演都有着美好的回忆。
托马斯·塔利斯的纯净和强烈的旋律与沃恩·威廉姆斯的丰富和声并置,非常美妙。我希望你们喜欢我们的表演!”
——彼得Oundjian
8月12日,作为多伦多夏季音乐节的一部分,这场演出在多伦多的Koerner Hall现场录制。
 
 "The Vaughan Williams Fantasia on a Theme by Thomas Tallis has always been one of my favourite pieces. I first discovered it as a young teen at school – incidentally the same school attended by Vaughan Williams himself. My education there coincided with the 100th anniversary of Vaughan Williams’ birth and also the 100th anniversary of our school. We performed a great deal of his music that year, and I played the violin solos in the Tallis Fantasy. I had the opportunity to perform as concertmaster for this piece many times after that celebration, and have fond memories of all of those performances.

The juxtaposition of purity and intensity of the Thomas Tallis melody with the rich harmonies of Vaughan Williams are overwhelmingly beautiful. I hope you enjoy our performance!"
— Peter Oundjian
This performance was recorded live at Koerner Hall in Toronto on Aug. 12, as a part of the Toronto Summer Music Festival.
     
         
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