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                                    莫扎特之旅 编译 文/图 2020-03-18  19:36

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
  谢尔盖·拉赫玛尼诺夫(Sergei  Rachmaninof  1873-1943)      
         
 

拉赫玛尼诺夫第二钢琴协奏曲 乌克兰美女钢琴家安娜·费托罗娜

Anna Fedorova

     
  此节目为2017瑞士卢塞恩音乐节的一部分
Berliner Philharmoniker 柏林爱乐乐团
Sir Simon Rattle, conductor
Elsa Dreisig, soprano
Mark Padmore, tenor
Florian Boesch, bass-baritone
KKL (Kultur und Kongresszentrum Luzern)
     
 
     
  音乐历史上的今天

1927年3月18日,拉赫玛尼诺夫在费城演奏了《第四钢琴协奏曲》,但之后他决定收回修改。评论家发现这首协奏曲的慢乐章主题同一首名为《三只盲眼老鼠》(Tbree Btinct Rice)的儿歌有相似之处。

谢尔盖·拉赫玛尼诺夫(Sergei  Rachmaninof  1873年4月1日生于俄罗斯,1943年3月28日逝世),是二十世纪世界的古典音乐作曲家、钢琴家、指挥家。
拉氏毕业于著名的莫斯科音乐学院(现莫斯科柴可夫斯基音乐学院);他的创作中深受柴科夫斯基影响,有深厚的民族音乐基础,旋律丰富,擅长史诗式壮阔的音乐风格;主要作品有第二、三钢琴协奏曲帕格尼尼主题狂想曲、二十四首前奏曲音画练习曲,歌剧《阿莱科》、《利米尼的法兰契斯卡》和第二交响曲、管弦乐“死岛”、钟等。其中《d小调第三钢琴协奏曲》以其艰深的难度,成为钢琴演奏曲目中的“最难”。

 柴可夫斯基、里姆斯基-科萨科夫、巴拉基列夫、穆索斯基和其他俄罗斯作曲家的影响在他的早期作品中看到,后来被一种以歌曲般旋律、表现力和丰富的管弦乐色彩而闻名的个人风格所取代。

拉赫玛尼诺夫的作曲风格跟柴可夫斯基是遥相呼应,拉赫玛尼诺夫夫一家生活在20世纪的早期,拉克马尼诺夫年纪比较大的时候已经有了留声和录音技术,拉克马尼诺夫有自己的录音,这就有非常不一样的感觉,古往今来的音乐大师的作品应该演奏成什么样子,拉克马尼诺夫有自己的录音,这对后来又了一个非常好的参考。
拉赫玛尼诺夫是一个钢琴家,钢琴弹的超好,他是一个巨人症,据说他有两米高个子,他的手极大无比可以轻松跨十二度。
他的创作不得志,第一部交响曲创作之后非常不被看好,他是一个玻璃心,别人一批评他,他就非常气馁,第一交响曲之后他颓废消沉了多年,直到他到美国发展,用他的第二钢琴协奏曲,才敲开成功之门,拉赫玛尼诺夫非常喜欢低音,他不喜欢高音,所以他很多钢琴协奏曲都是很低沉的,尤其是他的拉二开头,是最低的,平时不一定能用到的低音开始的,他是模仿俄罗斯教堂的钟声。
世界上最难的钢琴协奏曲是,拉赫玛尼诺夫第三钢琴协奏曲,甚至很多钢琴家是拒绝演奏这部作品的,讲到拉克马尼诺夫必须提及霍洛维茨,因为拉克马尼诺夫这部协奏曲就是为霍洛维茨创作的。因为霍洛维茨的技术极高,在当时除了霍洛维茨很少有人能演奏这首协奏曲。
他许多作品值得听的,他的特点就是旋律极强,他是一个非常唯美的浪漫主义作曲家。
拉赫玛尼诺夫有一首帕格尼尼主题狂想曲,是他晚年所作,甚至被称为他的第五钢琴协奏曲,其中第18首变奏在一部电影中被用作配乐,让这首曲子名扬海外。

今日视频:1、
乌克兰美女钢琴家安娜·费托罗娜演奏拉赫玛尼诺夫第二钢琴协奏曲 ;2、俄罗斯钢琴家丹尼斯·马祖耶夫演奏拉赫玛尼诺夫第四钢琴协奏曲。

 
 
 
 
 
   
  谢尔盖·拉赫玛尼诺夫(Sergei  Rachmaninof  )      
  Today in the history of music
On March 18, 1927, rachmaninoff performed "piano concerto no. 4" in Philadelphia, but later decided to withdraw his modifications.Critics found similarities between the slow movement theme of the concerto and a children's song called Tbree Btin*ct Rice.
Sergei Rachmaninof was born in Russia on April 1, 1873 and died on March 28, 1943.
He graduated from the famous Moscow conservatory (now the Tchaikovsky conservatory in Moscow).He is deeply influenced by Tchaikovsky in his creation, has a profound foundation of folk music, rich melody, good at epic style of music;The main works are the second and third piano concerto, paganini theme rhapsody, 24 prelude, music and painting etudes, opera "aleco", "the French rimini" and the second symphony, orchestral "dead island", bell and so on.Among them, piano concerto no. 3 in d minor becomes the "most difficult" in piano repertoire due to its difficult difficulty.
The influence of Tchaikovsky, rymsky-kosakov, balakilev, musowski and other Russian composers was seen in his early works, later replaced by a personal style known for its songlike melody, expressiveness and rich orchestral color.
Rachmaninoff composing style with Tchaikovsky is echoed, rachmaninoff's early in the 20th century, a life, armani's older when there has been a phonographic recording technology and lakshmi mani's have their own recording, it will have a very different feeling, all work should be a master of music into what appearance, lakshmi mani's have their own recording, the later has a very good reference.
Rachmaninoff was a pianist who played the piano very well. He was a gigantian. He was said to be two meters tall.
His creative unappreciated, after the first symphony creation very much, he is a heart of glass, others criticize him, he is very discouraged, his decadent depression for years, after the first symphony development until he went to the United States, in his second piano concerto, just knock on the door of success, rachmaninoff like bass, he doesn't like high, so he many piano concerto is very low, especially his second start, is the lowest, not necessarily to be low at ordinary times, he is an imitation of the Russian church bells.
The most difficult piano concerto in the world is rachmaninoff's piano concerto no. 3, which many pianists refuse to play, and when it comes to rachmaninov, he has to mention horowitz, because rachmaninov wrote this concerto for horowitz.Because horowitz was so skilled, few other people could play the concerto.
Many of his works are worth listening to, he is characterized by strong melody, he is a very beautiful romantic composer.
Rachmaninoff's rhapsody on paganini, written in his later years, is even known as his fifth piano concerto, of which the 18th variation was used as a soundtrack in a film, making it famous overseas.
Video of the day: 1. Beautiful Ukrainian pianist Anna fetorona plays rachmaninoff's piano concerto no. 2; 2.2. Russian pianist Dennis mazuyev plays the rachmaninoff piano concerto no. 4.
 

 
 
 
 
     
   
  作曲家兼钢琴家谢尔盖·拉赫玛尼诺夫和尤金·奥曼蒂在1938年音乐学院的一次排练中。
艾德里安·西格尔收藏/费城交响乐团协会档案
88年前,也就是1927年3月18日,费城交响乐团在音乐学院首次演奏了谢尔盖·拉赫玛尼诺夫(Sergei Rachmaninoff)的第4号钢琴协奏曲。作曲家在1928年修改了这首协奏曲。1941年,费城人首演了另一个修订版——最后一个。
据WRTI的苏珊·刘易斯报道,费城交响乐团与俄罗斯作曲家、钢琴家和指挥家之间的紧密联系是通过这些作品和其他作品建立起来的。
 
     
  Composer/pianist Sergei Rachmaninoff and Eugene Ormandy during a rehearsal at the Academy of Music in 1938.
ADRIAN SIEGEL COLLECTION/PHILADELPHIA ORCHESTRA ASSOCIATION ARCHIVES
It was 88 years ago - on March 18, 1927 - that The Philadelphia Orchestra played the first performance of Sergei Rachmaninoff’s Piano Concerto No. 4 at the Academy of Music. The composer revised the concerto in 1928. And, in 1941, The Philadelphians premiered yet another revised version - the final one.
     
 
     
   
  安娜费多洛娃(anna fedorova)      
  费多洛娃(安娜费多洛娃)钢琴家,当今世界上最好的年轻钢琴家之一。1990年出生于基辅的一个音乐世家,5岁开始学习钢琴,从小就表现出天生的完美感和惊人的技巧。鲍里斯·费奥多罗夫(b.fedorov)毕业于基辅的列斯琴科音乐学校。他在意大利伊莫拉的国际钢琴学院师从莱奥尼达·玛赫里萨教授(jana horowitz的学生,horowitz的妹妹)。当这位钢琴家开始她的巡演生涯时,她还只是个孩子,全世界的观众都被她音乐表达的深度和激情所震惊。评论者称赞了安娜的表演,并写道:“甜美朴实而狂野的表情”,带给观众“彻底的惊喜,带有强烈的感召力和震撼力!”      
   
   安娜`费多洛娃 (anna fedorova)
Fedorova (anna fedorova) pianist, one of the best young pianists in the world today. Born in 1990 in Kiev, a musical family began learning piano at the age of five, showing a natural sense of perfection and amazing skill from an early age. Graduated from Leeschenko Music School in Kiev under Boris Feodorov (b.fedorov). He studied at the international piano academy in imola, italy, under leonida marhariusa professor (jana horowitz's student, horowitz's sister). When the pianist's tour career began, she was just a child, and audiences around the world were shocked by the depth and passion of her music expression. Commentators praised Anna's performance and wrote :" Sweet plain and wild expression ", brought to the audience ," completely surprised, with a strong appeal and shock !"
     
 
     
       
  丹尼斯·马祖耶夫(Denis Matsuev)      
  自从丹尼斯·马祖耶夫在1998年第11届国际柴可夫斯基比赛胜利,他已经 基础了一个最伟大的艺术大师俄罗斯钢琴家的传统,已迅速成为他这一代最杰出的钢琴家之一。
马祖耶夫先生与世界最著名的管弦乐团合作的很多,如纽约爱乐乐团和洛杉矶爱乐乐团,芝加哥交响乐团、费城交响乐团,匹兹堡交响乐团、柏林爱乐乐团,慕尼黑爱乐乐团,巴伐利亚广播交响乐团、Staatskapella德累斯顿,莱比锡布业大厅乐团,Orchestre国家法国,巴黎Orchestre, Orchestre Philharmonique de无线电法国、伦敦交响乐团、伦敦交响乐团、皇家爱乐乐团、维也纳爱乐乐团,皇家Concertgebouw音乐厅管弦乐团交响乐团,BBC交响乐团、伦敦交响乐团“爱乐乐团”,蒙特利尔交响乐团,Filarmonica德拉Scala,乐团的学院赢得冠军迪圣塞西莉亚,维也纳交响乐团,以色列爱乐乐团和鹿特丹爱乐乐团,奥斯陆交响乐,国家交响乐团的比利时、瑞士Romande乐团、苜蓿交响乐团、Verbier和布达佩斯节日管弦乐团,Maggio音乐会佛罗伦萨,NHK交响乐团,以及欧洲室内乐团。 他不断重新保持与传说中的俄罗斯圣彼得堡爱乐乐团等乐团,马林斯基交响乐团和俄罗斯国家交响乐团。
丹尼斯给演出在美国波士顿、华盛顿和纽约卡内基音乐厅(键盘大师系列),在伦敦皇家节日音乐厅(国际钢琴系列),马德里在Auditorio Nacional de重逢,阿姆斯特丹在Concertgebouw音乐厅(主钢琴家系列)和莫斯科(大会堂莫斯科音乐学院)。
     
  Since his triumph in the 1998 at the 11th International Tchaikovsky Competition, Denis Matsuev has become a virtuoso in the grandest of Russian pianistic tradition and has quickly established himself as one of the most prominent pianists of his generation.

Mr. Matsuev performs with the world's best known orchestras, such as the New York Philharmonic and Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestras, Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Philadelphia Orchestra, Pittsburg Symphony Orchestra, Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, Munich Philharmonic, Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, Staatskapella Dresden, Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, Orchestre National de France, Orchestre de Paris, Orchestre Philharmonique de Radio France, London Symphony, London Philharmonic, Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra, National Symphony Orchestra, BBC Symphony, “Philharmonia” Orchestra of London, Montreal Symphony Orchestra, Filarmonica della Scala, Orchestra of Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Vienna Symphony, Israel Philharmonic and Rotterdam Philharmonic, Oslo Symphony, National Orchestra of Belgium, Swiss Romande orchestra, Lucerne Symphony orchestra, Verbier and Budapest Festival Orchestras, Maggio Musicale Fiorentino, NHK Symphony, as well as the European Chamber Orchestra. He is continually re-engaged with the legendary Russian orchestras such as the St. Petersburg Philharmonic, the Mariinsky Orchestra and the Russian National Orchestra.

Denis gives recitals in the USA in Boston, Washington and New York in Carnegie Hall (Keyboard Virtuosos series), in London in Royal Festival Hall (International Piano series), Madrid in Auditorio Nacional de Musica, Amsterdam in Concertgebouw (Master Pianists series) and Moscow (the Great Hall of Moscow Conservatory).
     
       
  俄罗斯钢琴家丹尼斯·马祖耶夫演奏拉赫玛尼诺夫第四钢琴协奏曲      
 
 
 
     
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