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                                    莫扎特之旅 编译 文/图 2020-02-10  16:36

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
  普罗科菲耶夫Sergei·Sergeyevich·Prokofiev,1891-1953)      
 
 
     
 

【钢琴】普罗科菲耶夫第二钢琴协奏曲 (王羽佳演奏)

     
  g小调第二钢琴协奏曲,OP.16,作于1913年,因当时同班好友斯密特霍夫自杀,故此曲呈献给斯密特霍夫·因原谱丢失,普罗科菲耶夫1923年凭记忆再整理而成。新颖的和弦和配器、具有浓重普氏风格的乐思,是此曲的一大特征。此曲1913年8月23日由普罗科菲耶夫主奏而首演。      
 
     
  音乐历史上的今天

1948年2月10日,苏维埃苏共中央响应斯大林同志对当前音乐界发起的第二轮批评,谴责“肖斯塔科维奇、普罗科菲耶夫、哈恰图良、舍巴林、波波夫、米雅斯科维斯基等同志谱写形式主义腐朽堕落的音乐,反对人民民主,脱离人民群众及其艺术品位”。普罗科菲耶夫回应道:“无论这会给我辈作曲同仁,包括我本人带来何种伤害,我拥护苏共中央有关为苏联音乐体制建立健康发展条件的政策.....我从来不怀疑旋律的重要性。我极其热爱旋律......”


在苏联“音乐和革命是深切关联的......每一次革命都是一部宏伟的交响曲”。普罗科菲耶夫生活在十月革命的前后,也经历了列宁时代和斯大林时代,他深深见证了音乐家们的反抗与归顺。 非常不可思议的是他临终和他的死对头,对艺术管控极端严格的斯大林死在同一天。

在俄罗斯的音乐家看来,普罗科菲耶夫是一个非常耀眼的明星,他同时代的著名的钢琴家涅高兹曾经说过:“普罗科菲耶夫的名字理应在当代世界最杰出的四五位作曲家之列。他的资质,他的丰富多样的创作,他的高超的技巧和明确的艺术风貌都给上述理论提供了充分的根据。”
“这位作曲家十分年轻时所写的初期作品以其不同寻常的独创性震惊了世界。这是一种表露了“崭新意念的崭新语言。”他最初的听众立即分成两个十分对立的阵营;热情的赞赏者和愤怒的职摘者。他的作品音乐会既引起阵阵掌声也招来刺耳嘘声。而普罗科菲耶夫对此高兴胜于困惑。
中年以后,普罗科菲耶夫已经不再对“为新颖而追求新颖”感兴趣了,他首先打算的是自成一格。他的和声语言基本上是自然音体系的,但他富于“突然性”,不协和音以陡然的“变化”使他的和声语言显得特别的清新明晰,但有时也显得突兀、严刻。由于具有合乎逻辑的、强劲的调性结构,他的和声手法都没有令人感到“为不协和音而不协和音”。——肖斯塔科维奇
后来就任基辅音乐学院院长的格里爱尔,是普罗科菲耶夫最好的启蒙老师。那时普罗科菲耶夫才十一二岁,格里爱尔二十八.九岁。格里爱尔对这个音乐才子非常赏识,后来他说:“我有幸成为谢辽沙·普罗科菲耶夫少年才能迅猛成长的直接目睹者”。在普罗科菲耶夫整整一生中都与格里爱尔保持了亲密的友谊。

今日视频:
王羽佳演奏普罗科菲耶夫第二钢琴协奏曲

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
       
  普罗科菲耶夫在创作中Sergei·Sergeyevich·Prokofiev)      
  Today in music history
On February 10, 1948, Soviet and the response of the Soviet communist party comrade Stalin launched the second round of criticism on the current music scene, denounced "shostakovich, prokofiev, HMV, bahrain, popov, mia, nowitzki comrade composed of formalism decadent music, such as opposed to people's democracy and from the masses and its artistic grade".Prokofiev responded, "whatever harm this may cause my fellow composers, including myself, I support the communist party's policy of establishing healthy conditions for the development of the Soviet musical system...I never doubted the importance of melody.I love melody so much..."
In the Soviet union "music and revolution are deeply connected...Every revolution is a magnificent symphony.Prokofiev lived before and after the October revolution, during the Lenin and Stalin eras, and he witnessed the resistance and submission of musicians.Incredibly, he died on the same day as his Nemesis, Stalin, who was extremely strict with his art.
In the eyes of Russian musicians, prokofiev is a very bright star. His famous contemporary pianist niegorz once said: "prokofiev's name deserves to be among the four or five most outstanding composers in the contemporary world.His qualifications, his rich variety of works, his great skill, and his definite artistic style, all lend themselves well to this theory."
"The composer's early works, written when he was very young, shocked the world with their extraordinary originality.It is a "new language of new ideas."His initial audience immediately divided into two very opposing camps;Enthusiastic admirers and angry boosters.His concert drew both applause and raucous boos.Mr Prokofiev was happier than puzzled.
After middle age, prokofiev was no longer interested in "novelty for novelty's sake.His harmonic language is basically a natural sound system, but he is full of "sudden", dissonance with a sudden "change" make his harmonic language appear particularly fresh and clear, but sometimes also appear abrupt and severe.Because of its logical and strong tonal structure, his harmonic technique does not feel "dissonant for dissonant.""-- shostakovich
Grier, who later became President of the Kiev conservatory, was prokofiev's best abecedarian.Prokofiev was only eleven or twelve years old, and grier was twenty-eight and nine.Grier was so impressed with the musical talent that he later said, "I had the privilege of being a direct witness to the rapid growth of seryosha prokofiev's teenage talents."Prokofiev maintained a close friendship with grier throughout his life.
Today's video: wang yujia plays prokofiev's second piano concerto.

 
     
         
   
  普罗科菲耶夫和肖斯塔科维奇      
         
       
  普罗科菲耶夫      
         
 
 
 
     
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