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                                    莫扎特之旅 编译 文/图 2020-08-01 19:36



  马利皮耶罗(Gian Malipiero,1882——1973)      

【歌剧】奥菲欧 by 蒙特威尔第( L'Orfeo,Claudio Monteverdi,2007)

表演者:Graciela Oddone, Simon Keenlyside, Juanita Lascarro, Martina Dike
  Composer: Claudio Monteverdi
 Performer: Graciela Oddone, Simon Keenlyside, Juanita Lascarro, Martina Dike
 Conductor: René Jacobs
 Orchestra/Ensemble: Ghent Collegium Vocale, Concerto Vocale

1973年8月1日,蒙特威尔第全集以及维瓦尔第大部分作品的编辑者乔安.弗朗切斯库.马利皮耶罗(Gian Francesco Malipiero,1882——1973)在特雷维索去世,终年91岁,活得比他自己的作品长。

G.F.马利皮耶罗(1882~1973)意大利作曲家、音乐学家。1882年 3月18日生于威尼斯,1973年8月1日卒于特雷维索,出身音乐世家。1898~1899年求学于维也纳音乐学院。1904年毕业于威尼斯马切洛音乐学院,是M.E.博西的学生。1902年他在马尔恰纳图书馆发现并抄录了久已被人忘怀的意大利早期音乐家C.蒙泰韦尔迪、G.弗雷斯科巴尔迪、A.维瓦尔迪等人的作品。1905~1906年任盲人作曲家A.斯马雷利亚的记谱员,学到了不少配器知识。1913年,在巴黎同A.卡塞拉结成共为意大利现代音乐而奋斗的亲密战友。1921年任帕尔马音乐学院作曲教授,3年后辞职赴阿索洛定居。1939年,返威尼斯任马切洛音乐学院院长,1952年退休后,继续从事私人教学和主持“意大利A.维瓦尔迪学会”。马利皮耶罗是现代意大利音乐中新巴罗克音乐的代表人物。他的作品反映了17和18世纪威尼斯音乐的精神。他的歌剧从蒙泰韦尔迪的音乐中吸取灵感,是现代风格与古代风格相融合的产物。他的器乐曲既回避主题的发展,也不采用对位的手法,并且反对真实主义。他作有30多部歌剧,包括两部歌剧三联剧《奥尔菲德》(1925)和《威尼斯的奥秘》(1932),以及根据莎士比亚戏剧创作的《尤利乌斯•凯撒》(1936)和《安东尼和克莉奥佩特拉》(1938),以及《浪子》(1953)等。还有11首交响曲、3套冠名《真实的印象》(1910~1922)和2套名为《静止》(1917~1926)的管弦乐曲、2首小提琴协奏曲(1932,1963)、6首钢琴协奏曲(1934~1964)和长笛协奏曲(1968)等。
马利皮埃罗(Malipiero,Gian Francesco )入维也纳音乐学院曾主修小提琴。1899年回威尼斯,师从意大利管风琴家兼作曲家博西(Bossi,1861-1925)。1913年至巴黎,受印象乐派影响。1921-1923年任帕尔马音乐学院作曲教授。1939年任威尼斯马切洛音乐学院院长。其创作遵循巴洛克时期创作道路,善于复调写作。音乐作品很多,并曾因编辑蒙特威尔第维瓦尔第的全集而闻名。

蒙特威尔第歌剧奥菲欧2、 【维瓦尔第】四季 The Four Seasons (卡拉扬指挥,安妮-索菲·穆特演奏)。

  年轻的马利皮耶罗(Gian Malipiero,1882——1973)      
  Today in the history of music
 On July 1, 1977, Tom Stoppard's play, "Every Good Bey Deserves a Favor," mocking human rights violations in Soviet psychiatric hospitals, was presented in London.Andre Previn directed his own musical version.Its initials are very helpful in remembering the music.
Andre Previn (April 6, 1929 -- March 1, 2019) was an Encyclopedic composer, pianist, and composer born in Berlin.
He studied piano at the Conservatory in Berlin and the Conservatory in Paris before escaping from Nazi Germany in 1939 and becoming an American citizen in 1943.He has been leading the London Symphony Orchestra for 11 years. He has also served as the chief conductor of many famous European and American orchestras.He was also a chamber music player, a Broadway stage playwright, a music editor, a music critic, a TELEVISION host, and a stunning success in every line.He was honorary conductor of the Houston Symphony Orchestra.
Born in Berlin, Germany as a Jew, He studied piano at the Berlin Music School and the Paris Conservatory. In 1939, he escaped from Nazi Germany due to the outbreak of World War II and went to the United States to seek refuge with his cousin Charles Pleven.At the time, Charles was the music director of Universal Pictures in Hollywood.When the family decided to settle in Los Angeles, Pleven studied piano with Rubinovitch, music theory with Toh and Aheron, and composition with Castelno Vertedesco.During this time, Pleven's image of jazz remained "a man in a funny hat in a restaurant band," but he soon fell in love with the music.After becoming an American citizen in 1943, Pleven often played jazz piano on the radio or on film scores, and by the age of 16 was able to write pretty good jazz music.Pleven's first recordings were made between 1945 and 46 with partners who later played jazz regularly.By this time, Pleven had matured in both playing and composing skills, and his performances were well received by older musicians.Pleven worked at MGM throughout the 1950s, where his first assignment was to "write songs and make barks" in the film Lassie.After being drafted into the army, Pleven was stationed in San Francisco. After playing jazz piano, Pleven became interested in serious music. In 1951, he studied conducting with Mondo, who was then working in the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra.
Returned to Hollywood in 1953, general lewin as free as a command or everywhere to play the piano, 1954 write long for gene kelly movie about 40 minutes of music, 58, had been, June 3rd, 64 in the film "jinfenshijia will", "beggar and slut", "Emma girl", "my fair lady" get Oscar award.Jazz flourished in California in the '50s and' 60s and developed into a very special "West Coast jazz".West Coast Jazz has something to do with so-called Cool Jazz.After combining with BeBOp in the 1940s, "Cool Jazz" became a higher-order creation form and performance method.Pleven was quite keen on playing and writing this music, and he left many records during this time.Most of these recordings, however, have only band names and no special emphasis on Pleven.But some personal habits and characteristics, you can still distinguish the performer is Pleven.
In addition to jazz recordings, some recordings, such as 1956's my Fair Lady, were published under other names.The sale of "My Fair Lady" caused a stir, and jazz vinyl records based on Broadway musicals appeared at the same time.His greatest achievements in jazz were in trios and piano improvisation to melodies.At the same time, Pleven was recording Wyre's work for Columbia Records with the famous jazz telescopist.Film scores and recordings were busy enough for the average person, but Pleaven also went on to defend jazz, especially against its critics in Hollywood, though he later became important in conducting symphonies and playing serious music.Mr. Pleven began conducting the St. Louis Symphony Orchestra in 1962;After several guest conductor offers, he succeeded Barberoli as permanent conductor of the Houston Symphony from 1967 to 69.Pleven recorded with the London Symphony Orchestra as early as 1965, where he was principal conductor from 1968 to 79 and is now the LSO's Laureate Conductor.
Video of the day: 1. The performance of Mendelssohn chamber music by Preven and Mutt; 2.The first episode of the musical documentary Mozart's Journey (Pleven plays and talks).                                 

  马利皮耶罗(Gian Malipiero,1882——1973)      
  马利皮埃罗(Malipiero,Gian Francesco 1882-1973)意大利人。入维也纳音乐学院,主修小提琴。1899年回威尼斯,师从意大利管风琴家兼作曲家博西(Bossi,1861-1925)。1913年至巴黎,受印象乐派影响。1921-1923年任帕尔马音乐学院作曲教授。1939年任威尼斯马切洛音乐学院院长。其创作遵循巴洛克时期创作道路,善于复调写作。音乐作品很多,并曾编辑蒙特威尔第维瓦尔第的全集。      
   Malipiero, Gian Francesco (1882-1973) Italians.He attended the Vienna Conservatory and majored in violin.He returned to Venice in 1899 and studied under The Italian organist and composer Bossi (Bossi, 1861-1925).1913 to Paris, influenced by the Impressionist school.Professor of composition, Palma Conservatory of Music, 1921-1923.In 1939 he became dean of the Marcello Conservatory in Venice.His creation follows the creative path of The Baroque period and is good at polyphonic writing.He has many musical works and edited the complete works of Monteverdi Vivaldi.      
  克劳迪奥·蒙特威尔地(Claudio Monteverdi,1567—1643)      
 克劳迪奥·蒙特威尔地(Claudio Monteverdi,1567年5月15日—1643年11月29日),意大利杰出的歌剧作曲家,是前期巴罗克乐派最重要的代表人物之一。二十岁时完成了他的处女作《五声部牧歌》,由此一举成名。他的音乐犹如人的躯体,富有鲜明的个性和炽烈的热情,从而将巴罗克音乐推向高潮。他注意吸取前人的经验,巧妙地运用传统的复调音乐手法,把乐曲的形式固定在歌剧中,并明确规定音乐的表现手法必须服从于戏剧情节的需要。他的歌剧感情色彩浓厚,重视对人物心理方面的刻画,并首创以管弦乐队来伴奏歌剧,为音乐的展开提供了广阔的余地。其作品大胆运用不协和和弦,利用序曲、重唱、间奏曲以加强戏剧音乐的表现力与舞台气氛。又创用弓弦乐器的手震音、拨弦奏法,充分发挥各种乐器的性能,为近代管弦乐法的先导。
  Italian composer.He was a musician in the court of Mantua and music master of St. Mark's Basilica in Venice.The first public opera house was built in Venice in 1637.He was a pioneer of modern orchestral music.The Venetian Operatic school was founded at the end of the Renaissance.He also composed many religious music works and eclogues.Its eclogue marked the culmination of the development of secular music in the late Italian Renaissance.His major works include Orfio (1607), The Return of Ulysses, the Coronation of Popea, and the Nine volumes of the Secular Idyls.
 Claudio Monteverdi (May 15, 1567 -- November 29, 1643) was an Italian opera composer and one of the most important representatives of the baroque school.He rose to fame at the age of twenty when he completed his first work, The Five-Part Idyll.His music is like a human body, full of distinct personality and fiery passion, which pushes baroque music to its climax.He drew attention to the experience of predecessors, skillfully used the traditional polyphonic musical technique, fixed the form of music in the opera, and clearly stipulated that the musical expression must be subordinate to the needs of the dramatic plot.His operas are full of emotional color and attach importance to the depiction of the psychological aspects of the characters. He also pioneered the use of orchestral accompaniment in operas, which provided broad space for the development of music.His works boldly use discordant chords, overture, duet, intermezzo to enhance the performance of drama music and the atmosphere of the stage.It also invented the hand-tremolo and harpsichord playing with bowstring instruments to give full play to the performance of all kinds of instruments, which was the forerunner of modern orchestral music.             
  安东尼奥·维瓦尔第(Antonio Lucio Vivaldi,1678-1741)      
  安东尼奥·卢奇奥·维瓦尔第(意大利语:Antonio Lucio Vivaldi,1678年3月4日-1741年7月28日),男,是一位意大利神父,也是巴洛克音乐作曲家,同时还是一名小提琴演奏家。
维瓦尔第十五岁受戒,1703年领受神职,但当时这并不表示他已当神父,只是为了稍微提高一下自己的社会地位。当他18岁时接受更高一级的圣职(副助祭)时,维瓦尔第才力下心当神职人员。他在附近的两个教区接受了神职教育(神学)并毕业。25岁时,维瓦尔第成为神父。由于他生有一头红发,人们都称他为“红发神父”。接着他就当上了S. Maria della Pietà教堂的神甫,并且在教堂属下的女童音乐学院中当小提琴教师。在维瓦尔第的悉心指导下,孤儿院乐队和唱诗班的水平蒸蒸日上,他本人作为一个作曲家和小提琴演奏家的声望也越过了阿尔卑斯山,一些爱好音乐的贵族千里迢迢来到威尼斯,只是为了聆听他演奏小提琴。在维瓦尔第任教近四十年的时间里,大量音乐作品源源不断的从他的鹅毛笔端流淌出来,最出色的还是他以富于民间色彩和生活气息着称的器乐作品。他一生写了近500首协奏曲和73首奏鸣曲,此外,还作有歌剧十余部,以及康塔塔、经文歌等。其中相当一部分在他在世时就出版了,包括他最著名的作品小提琴协奏曲《四季》。
  Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (4 March 1678 -- 28 July 1741) was an Italian priest, composer of Baroque music, and violinist.
Italian composer and violinist of the Baroque period.He was born into a family of ordinary musicians in Venice.Vivaldi's father was a violinist in St. Mark's Basilica in Venice.Growing up in Venice's rich musical culture, vivaldi showed exceptional musical ability, and by the age of ten he was playing in church in place of his father.An early eighteenth century Venice tourist brochure states: "...The best violinist, Baptiste Vivaldi and his son, Antonio Vivaldi."
Vival was ordained at the age of fifteen, and received the priesthood in 1703, but at the time this did not mean that he had become a priest, only to raise his social status a little.Vivaldi became a priest when, at the age of 18, he received the higher orders (deacons).He received his clerical education (theology) in two nearby parishes and graduated.Vivaldi became a priest at the age of 25.As he had red hair, he was called the "Father with Red hair".Then he became priest at The Church of S. Maria Della Pieta, and taught the violin at the girl's conservatory under the church.Under Vivaldi's careful guidance, orphanage bands and choirs flourished, his own reputation as a composer and violinist spread across the Alps, and music-loving aristocracy came to Venice just to hear him play his violin.In vivaldi's nearly forty years of teaching, a great deal of music flowed from his goose feather pen, and the most outstanding was his instrumental music, which was full of folk color and life atmosphere.In his lifetime, he wrote nearly 500 concertos and 73 sonatas. In addition, he also composed more than ten operas, cantata, sutras and so on.Many of them were published while he was still alive, including his most famous work, the Four Seasons, a violin concerto.
  小提琴协奏曲《四季》大约作于1725年,是维瓦尔第大约五十岁时发表并献给波希米亚伯爵莫尔津的一套大型作品《和声与创意的尝试》共十二部协奏曲的第一号到第四号,合称《四季》。这四部协奏曲是维瓦尔第最著名的作品,其中的旋律至今仍长盛不衰。四部作品均采用三乐章协奏曲形式的正宗标题音乐,不仅照给定的十四行诗配上音乐,而且还运用了不少描写手法。维瓦尔第在总奏与主奏交替形成的复奏形式上,巧妙地配以标题。《四季》的标题分别为: 《春》E大调、《夏》g小调、《秋》F大调、《冬》f小调。其中以《春》的第一乐章(快板)最为著名,音乐展开轻快愉悦的旋律,使人联想到春天的葱绿;《夏》则出乎意料之外,表现出夏天的疲乏、恼人;《秋》描写的是收获季节中,农民们饮酒作乐、庆祝丰收的快活景象,这个乐章欢快而又活泼;《冬》描写人们走在冰上滑稽的姿态,以及由炉旁眺望窗外雪景等景象,其中第二乐章非常出名,曾被改编为轻音乐而广为流传。
E大调第一协奏曲,Op. 8,RV 269,《春》("La primavera")
1. 快板(Allegro)
2. 广板(Largo)
3. 快板

G小调第二协奏曲,Op. 8,RV 315,《夏》("L'estate")
1. 不太快的快板(Allegro non molto)
2. 柔板及弱拍-急板及强音(Adagio e piano - Presto e forte)
3. 急板(Presto)

F大调第三协奏曲,Op. 8,RV 293,《秋》("L'autunno")
1. 快板
2. 极柔板(Adagio molto)
3. 快板

F小调第四协奏曲,Op. 8,RV 297,《冬》("L'inverno")
1. 不太快的快板
2. 广板
3. 快板





  【维瓦尔第】四季 The Four Seasons (卡拉扬指挥,安妮-索菲·穆特演奏)      
  小提琴协奏曲《四季》大约作于1725年,是维瓦尔第大约五十岁时发表并献给波希米亚伯爵莫尔津的一套大型作品《和声与创意的尝试》共十二部协奏曲的第一号到第四号,合称《四季》。这四部协奏曲是维瓦尔第最著名的作品,其中的旋律至今仍长盛不衰。四部作品均采用三乐章协奏曲形式的正宗标题音乐,不仅照给定的十四行诗配上音乐,而且还运用了不少描写手法。维瓦尔第在总奏与主奏交替形成的复奏形式上,巧妙地配以标题。《四季》的标题分别为: 《春》E大调、《夏》g小调、《秋》F大调、《冬》f小调。其中以《春》的第一乐章(快板)最为著名,音乐展开轻快愉悦的旋律,使人联想到春天的葱绿;《夏》则出乎意料之外,表现出夏天的疲乏、恼人;《秋》描写的是收获季节中,农民们饮酒作乐、庆祝丰收的快活景象,这个乐章欢快而又活泼;《冬》描写人们走在冰上滑稽的姿态,以及由炉旁眺望窗外雪景等景象,其中第二乐章非常出名,曾被改编为轻音乐而广为流传。      


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